Cassiterite and topaz
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Fact sheet
Description: 

Unusually fine crystals of cassiterite (tin oxide) can have a value beyond that of the tin they contain. This specimen that came from Trevaunance near St Agnes, was acquired by gentleman-collector Philip Rashleigh early on in his collecting career. It shows large cassiterite crystals intergrown (or twinned) with each other.  

Rashleigh included this specimen in the first of two illustrated books he produced on British minerals, published in 1797 and 1802. His description of the specimen reads:

"Fig. 2. - Represents a large, black, shining tin crystal with a very short column and broad pyramid which is interrupted by other crystals forming thereon.  This tin ore is formed in a group of small crystals of topazes.  This is a singular specimen and came from Trevaunance, in St Agnes.”

The entry in the manuscript catalogue of his collection reads: "38 Very Black shining Tin Crystals upon Topaz’s – Trevaunance  r r r r"

Rashleigh used the letter ‘r’ to indicate how rare a specimen was:  the greater the number of ‘r’s the rarer the specimen.

Chemical Formulae: cassiterite = SnO2
topaz = Al2SiO4(F,OH)2

Specimen no. TRURI: 1903.1.851
Location: Trevaunance, St Agnes
Grid Reference: SW711 508

Mindat Cassiterite http://www.mindat.org/min-917.html
Mindat Topaz http://www.mindat.org/min-3996.html

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In Time
Accuracy:
Location precision: 
Good
Timescale:
Not known
Ma = Millions of years ago
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mineral
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