Limestone - Cotham Marble
Click the microscope button to view a thin section for this sample.
Click the microscope button to view a thin section for this sample.

Fact sheet

Limestone - Cotham Marble

This sample of uppermost Triassic (Rhaetic) age stromatolitic limestone comes from Cotham Quarries near Brstol, England. The same limestone horizon is found in south Wales and southwestern England in the area around Bristol. In SW England the horizon is named after Cotham House in Cotham, Bristol. When used as a decorative building stone this limestone is known as Cotham Marble or landscape Marble. Cotham Marble was particularly popular in Victorian times because polished surfaces have the appearance of a landscape with trees, and it is commonly made into decorative items including jewellery.

In thin section this sample appears a dark micritic layered limestone with some shelly fossils. The thin section contains one stromatolite (algal) growth and occasional bedding parallel calcite veins

Watson 1911 Building Stones; MO 1316; stromatolite

Additional images
  • limestone (cut surface) - width 3.9 cm
  • limestone (cut surface) - width 25 cm
  • limestone (cut surface) - width 3.9 cm
51.465678, -2.600959
Cotham limestone quarries (near Bristol), Gloucestershire.
About this collection

The United Kingdom Virtual Microscope (UKVM) collection consists of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks from around the UK.

It is intended as a teaching resource, helping to tell the story of the common rock types and how they form, and reflecting the history of the UK at the margins of the continent of Europe. The collection is a series of teaching sets, for example igneous rocks from the North Atlantic Igneous Province and SW England; high-temperature metamorphic rocks from Scotland and low-temperature metamorphic rocks from Wales; and sedimentary rocks, including English limestones and sandstones.

Sample details

Rock-forming mineral
Category guide  
Category Guide
Refers to any word or phrase that appears in the individual rock names. Names are generally descriptive; they allow users to search for broad terms like ‘granite’ as well as more specific names such as ‘breccia’. However, the adjacent descriptions of the specimens captures a wider range of general words and phrases and is a more powerful search tool.
Refers to any word or phrase that appears anywhere in the descriptions of the specimens
Accessory minerals
Minerals that occur in very low abundance in a rock. They are usually not visible with the naked eye and contribute perhapssver, they often dominate the rare elements such as platinum group metals.
Rock-forming minerals
Minerals that make up the bulk of all rock samples and are also the ones used in rock classi?cation.
Selecting one or more period, for example 'Jurassic'.
A term used to group together related samples that are not already gathered into a single Collection. For instance, there is a ‘SW England granites’ theme that includes such rock types as granite, hydrothermal breccia, skarn and vein samples.
A general term used to label a rock sample. It is a useful way of grouping similar samples throughout a collection. Category names are often, but not exclusively, common rock names (e.g. granite, basalt, dolerite, gabbro, greisen, skarn, gneiss, amphibolite, limestone, sandstone).
The owner of the sample that appears in the collection. For example, NASA owns all the samples that appear in the Moon Rocks collection
We would like to thank the following for the use of this sample: